Colon polyps are small growths on the inner large intestinal lining. Not all polyps are cancerous, but colon cancer typically develops from polyps.

Lifestyle changes can greatly reduce the chance of developing polyps. Maintain a well-balanced diet of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and reduce fat consumption. Limit alcohol and red meat consumption and avoid tobacco products. Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.

Regular screenings can also detect polyps for removal before they potentially become cancerous. Screen first degree family members with polyps at recommended intervals.